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英语精选习题九

2017-05-10 10:30 来源:尚学考研


一、词汇
1)  exploration
2)  solitude
3)  lure
4)  instinct
5)  establish
 
二、利用文中的词组,翻译下面的句子
1) 他们对财富无大慾望.  (the desire for)
 
2) 他有关此奥秘的一种令人信服的解释。(a satisfactory explanation)
 
3) 士兵常常要身临险境.(confront danger)
 
4) 我隐约觉得他不会来. (a sort of)
 
5) 要做的事情还很多.(remain)
 
 
三、翻译。阅读以下短文,翻译划线句子。
When anyone opens a current account at a bank, he is lending the bank money, repayment of which he may demand at any time, either in cash or by drawing a cheque in favour of another person. Primarily, the banker-customer relationship is that of debtor and creditor -- who is which depending on whether the customer's account is in credit or is overdrawn. But, in addition to that basically simple concept, the bank and its customer owe a large number of obligations to one another. Many of these obligations can give in to problems and complications but a bank customer, unlike, say, a buyer of goods, cannot complain that the law is loaded against him.
    The bank must obey its customer's instructions, and not those of anyone else. When, for example, a customer first opens an account, he instructs the bank to debit his account only in respect of cheques draw by himself. He gives the bank specimens of his signature, and there is a very firm rule that the bank has no right or authority to pay out a customer's money on a cheques on which its customer's signature has been forged. It makes no difference that the forgery may have been a very skilful one: the bank must recognize its customer's signature. For this reason there is no risk to the customer in the practice, adopted by banks, of printing the customer's name on his cheques. If this facilitates forgery, it is the bank which will lose, not the customer.

四、完形填空。
If a farmer wishes to succeed, he must try to keep a wide gap between his consumption and his production. He must store a large quantity of grain 1  consuming all his grain immediately. He can continue to support himself and his family 2  he produces a surplus. He must use this surplus in three ways: as seed for sowing, as an insurance 3  the unpredictable effects of bad weather and as a commodity which he must sell in order to 4  old agricultural implements and obtain chemical fertilizers to 5  the soil. He may also need money to construct irrigation 6  and improve his farm in other ways. If no surplus is available, a farmer cannot be 7 . He must either sell some of his property or 8  extra funds in the form of loans. Naturally he will try to borrow money at a low 9  of interest, but loans of this kind are not 10  obtainable.
1.[A] other than        [B] as well as        [C] instead of(C)   [D] more than
2.[A] only if          [B] much as         [C] long before(A)     [D] ever since
3.[A] for             [B] against          [C] of(B)        [D] towards
4.[A] replace          [B] purchase        [C] supplement(A)    [D] dispose
5.[A] enhance         [B] mix            [C] feed(C)      [D] raise
6.[A] vessels          [B] routes          [C] paths(D)  [D] channels
7.[A] self-confident    [B] self-sufficient     [C] self-satisfied(B)    [D] self-restrained
8.[A] search          [B] save             [C] offer(D)     [D] seek
9.[A] proportion       [B] percentage        [C] rate(C)     [D] ratio
10.[A] genuinely         [B] obviously        [C] presumably(D)     [D] frequently

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