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英语精选习题三

2017-05-10 10:49 来源:尚学考研


一、词汇。
1)  credulous
2)  coincidence
3)  obscure
4)  incredible
5)  scorn
 
二、利用文中的词组,翻译下面的句子
1) 我得出的结论是他是在说谎. (reach the conclusion)
 
2) 十二名乘客失踪, 据信已经死亡. (presume sb dead)
 
3) 自由党人想要改变选举制度.(bring aboult)
 
4) 不知道以前住在隔壁的人怎麽样了?(what become of)
 
5) 我认为目前的情况将会继续下去.(assume that)
 
三、翻译。阅读以下短文,翻译划线句子。
I am always amazed when I hear people saying that sport creates goodwill between the nations, and that if only the common peoples of the world could meet one another at football or cricket, they would have no inclination to meet on the battlefield. Even if one didn't know from concrete examples (the 1936 Olympic Games, for instance) that international sporting contests lead to orgies of hatred, one could deduce it from general principles.
    Nearly all the sports practised nowadays are competitive. You play to win, and the game has little meaning unless you do your utmost to win. On the village green, where you pick up sides and no feeling of local patriotism is involved, it is possible to play simply for the fun and exercise: but as soon as a the question of prestige arises, as soon as you feel that you and some larger unit will be disgraced if you lose, the most savage combative instincts are aroused. Anyone who has played even in a school football match knows this. At the international level, sport is frankly mimic warfare. But the significant thing is not the behaviour of the players but the attitude of the spectators: and, behind the spectators, of the nations who work themselves into furies over these absurd contests, and seriously believe -- at any rate for short periods -- that running, jumping and kicking a ball are tests of national virtue.
 
四、阅读。阅读以下短文并完成练习
British scientists are preparing to launch trials of a radical new way to fight cancer, which kills tumours by infecting them with viruses like the common cold.
 If successful, virus therapy could eventually form a third pillar alongside radiotherapy and chemotherapy in the standard arsenal against cancer, while avoiding some of the debilitating side-effects.
 Leonard Seymour, a professor of gene therapy at Oxford University, who has been working on the virus therapy with colleagues in London and the US, will lead the trials later this year.Cancer Research UK said yesterday that it was excited by the potential of Prof Seymour's pioneering techniques.
 One of the country's leading geneticists, Prof Seymour has been working with viruses that kill cancer cells directly, while avoiding harm to healthy tissue. In principle, you've got something which could be many times more effective than regular chemotherapy," he said.
 Cancer-killing viruses exploit the fact that cancer cells suppress the body's local immune system. If a cancer doesn't do that, the immune system wipes it out. f you can get a virus into a tumour, viruses find them a very good place to be because there's no immune system to stop them replicating.You can regard it as the cancer's Achilles' heel."
 Only a small amount of the virus needs to get to the cancer. They replicate, you get a million copies in each cell and the cell bursts and they infect the tumour cells adjacent and repeat the process," said Prof Seymour.
 Preliminary research on mice shows that the viruses work well on tumours resistant to standard cancer drugs. It's an interesting possibility that they may have an advantage in killing drug-resistant tumours, which could be quite different to anything we've had before."
 Researchers have known for some time that viruses can kill tumour cells and some aspects of the work have already been published in scientific journals.American scientists have previously injected viruses directly into tumours but this technique will not work if the cancer is inaccessible or has spread throughout the body.
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information 
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information 
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
1.Virus therapy, if successful, has an advantage in eliminating side-effects.
2.Cancer Research UK is quite hopeful about Professor Seymour’s work on the virus therapy.
3.Virus can kill cancer cells and stop them from growing again.
4.Cancer’s Achilles’ heel refers to the fact that virus may stay safely in a tumor and replicate.
5.To infect the cancer cells, a good deal of viruses should be injected into the tumor.
6.Researches on animals indicate that virus could be used as a new way to treat drug-resistant tumors.
 

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