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英语精选习题一

2017-05-10 10:50 来源:尚学考研


一、词汇。
1)  fascination
2)  pretentious
3)  junk
4)  dedicated
5)  cherish

二、利用文中的词组,翻译下面的句子
1) 她丈夫殷切期望她能成功, 给了她很大的压力. (exert)
 
2) 他们仍然活着的希望不大. (there is hope that)
 
3) 我有大量的工作要做。 (a pile of)
 
4) 我遇见她完全是偶然的.(by chance)
 
5) 他决心不惜一切去争取胜利.(bend on)
 
三、翻译。阅读以下短文,翻译划线句子。
Several cases have been reported in Russia recently of people who can detect colours with their fingers, and even see through solid and walls. One case concerns an eleven-year-old schoolgirl, Vera Petrova, who has normal vision but who can also perceive things with different parts of her skin, and through solid walls. This ability was first noticed by her father. One day she came into his office and happened to put her hands on the door of a locked safe. Suddenly she asked her father why he kept so many old newspapers locked away there, and even described the way they were done up in bundles.
    Vera's curious talent was brought to the notice of a scientific research institute in the town of Ulyanovsk, near where she lives, and in April she was given a series of tests by a special commission of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federal Republic. During these tests she was able to read a newspaper through an opaque screen and, stranger still, by moving her elbow over a child's game of Lotto she was able to describe the figures and colours printed on it; and, in another instance, wearing stockings and slippers, to make out with her foot the outlines and colours of a picture hidden under a carpet. Other experiments showed that her knees and shoulders had a similar sensitivity. During all these tests Vera was blindfold; and, indeed, except when blindfold she lacked the ability to perceive things with her skin. It was also found that although she could perceive things with her fingers this ability ceased at the moment when her hands were wet.
 
四、阅读。阅读以下短文并完成练习
Mr. Usmani's “swarm-moves” model appeals to supermarkets because it increases sales without the need to give people discounts. And it gives shoppers the satisfaction of knowing that they bought the “right” product—that is,the one everyone else bought. The model has not yet been tested widely in the real world,mainly because radio frequency identification technology is new and has only been installed experimentally in some supermarkets. But Mr. Usmani says that both Wal-Mart in America and Tesco in Britain are interested in his work,and testing will get under way in the spring.
 Another recent study on the power of social influence indicates that sales could,indeed,be boosted in this way. Matthew Salganik of Columbia University in New York and his colleagues have described creating an artificial music market in which some 14,000 people downloaded previously unknown songs. The researchers found that when people could see the songs ranked by how many times they had been downloaded,they followed the crowd. When the songs were not ordered by rank,but the number of times they had been downloaded was displayed,the effect of social influence was still there but was less pronounced. People thus follow the herd when it is easy for them to do so.
 In Japan a chain of convenience shops called RanKing RanQueen has been ordering its products according to sales data from department stores and research companies. The shops sell only the most popular items in each product category,and the rankings are updated weekly. Icosystem,a company in Cambridge,Massachusetts,also aims to exploit knowledge of social networking to improve sales.
 And the psychology that works in physical stores is just as potent on the internet. Online retailers such as Amazon are adept at telling shoppers which products are popular with like-minded consumers. Even in the privacy of your home,you can still be part of the swarm.
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information 
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information 
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this 
1. Radio frequency identification technology has been installed experimentally in big supermarkets like Wal-Mart.
2. People tend to download more unknown songs than songs they are familiar with.
3. Songs ranked high by the number of times being downloaded are favored by customers.
4. People follow the others to the same extent whether it is convenient or not.
5. Items sold in some Japanese stores are simply chosen according to the sales data of other shops.
6.Swarm intelligence can also be observed in everyday life.
 

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